New official figures revealed today that asylum claims in the UK rose to their highest level in nearly 20 years amid a record number of migrants crossing the Channel.
A total of 37,562 applications were filed in the year to September, with applicants mainly from Iran, Eritrea, Albania, Iraq and Syria.
This was more than in any 12-month period since the year ending June 2004 (39,746) and higher than the numbers seen at the height of the European migration crisis in 2015 and 2016 (36,546).
The Interior Ministry released the figures this morning after a boat capsized off the coast of France, killing at least 27 migrants, including a pregnant woman and a young girl.
The captain of a lifeboat photographed the gray ‘fragile’ boat that arrived to find bodies floating in the waters off Calais yesterday afternoon in the worst migrant tragedy in Anglo-French history.
More than 25,000 people have crossed it so far this year.
This table shows the number of people granted asylum, resettlement and family reunification visas in the UK in the year to September.
The new arrivals bring the total number arriving in the UK this month to 6,050, surpassing the previous record of 3,879 in September. This year’s total has now reached a record 25,772
The latest number of asylum applications is up 18% from the year to September 2020 (31966), although this will be affected by the coronavirus pandemic amid restrictions on movement. There were 35,737 applications for the same period in 2019.
A total of 67,547 asylum applications awaited resolution at the end of September – a 41% increase year-over-year and the highest since current records began in June 2010.
Separate Home Office figures show that the total number of cases in the asylum system – including those awaiting an appeal outcome and rejected asylum seekers due to be deported from the UK – reached 125,316 at the end of June 2021, an increase of 14% year-on-year. A year and more than three times the number a decade ago (37,903 in June 2011).
Two-thirds of asylum seekers were granted asylum or other protection after their first application, compared to half in the previous year.
Meanwhile, the number of appeals filed in the year to September was 30% down from the previous year and down since 2015. Nearly half of the appeals were successful.
The sinking of a migrant boat off the coast of France last night marked the darkest day yet in the canal migration crisis.
Top 10 nationalities to apply for asylum in the UK and their initial application success rate
Comparison of the number of asylum seekers in the UK versus the three EU countries receiving the most applications
Two survivors – an Iraqi and another Somali – told police that the poorly-made boat had collided with a container ship, puncturing its thin rubber hull. Five people have been arrested in France over 27 deaths, including a man who was held overnight driving a Germany-registered car filled with inflatable ribs.
But with Emmanuel Macron urging control, French police failed once again to prevent a group of more than a dozen asylum seekers from crossing the canal in volatile conditions this morning. They were brought shivering into frigid Dover by the RNLI at dawn.
Small groups of officers were seen patrolling the beaches near Calais this morning, but they again failed to prevent dozens from setting out for the UK in dinghy boats amid allegations in Britain that the French were sitting on their hands as 17 men, seven women and three children died yesterday . .
Distribution of asylum seekers in the year ending in September, by sex
Boris Johnson, Mr Macron and their ministers are expected to hold further talks today as the prime minister insisted that British boots were necessary on the ground in France to prevent vicious slave gangs from ‘getting away with murder’.
As relations between the UK and France become increasingly fraught, Macron’s minister responsible for the crisis, Gerald Darmanin, blamed Britain for the crisis and claimed that migrants had been promised ‘England’s El Dorado’ by people-smugglers because of its combination of advantages and ‘attractive’. ‘ Labor market.
Macron is said to have ignored the renewed offer of patrol assistance during his prime minister’s call last night with the French president, who insists he will not allow the canal to be turned into a cemetery, which critics have accused once again of allowing bitterness over Brexit for failing to tackle traffickers. with immigrants.
French Interior Minister Darmanin is expected to speak to his counterpart, Home Minister Priti Patel, this morning. Today, he said these migrants are “often drawn to” by the British labor market, and said the loss of 27 people after a migrant boat sank was an “absolute tragedy”.
He said: “Britain’s attractiveness, including its labor market, is to blame. Everyone knows there are as many as 1.2 million clandestine immigrants in the UK and English business leaders use that workforce to produce things that English consume.”
He told French radio network RTL that the smugglers are ‘criminals, people who take advantage of the misery of others, women and children – there were pregnant women and children who died yesterday on this boat… and a few thousand euros’ and their enemy. El Dorado in England.
This is the first image of the flimsy and dangerous boat that sank off Calais yesterday, killing 27 people including five women, some pregnant, and three children.
A group of people believed to be immigrants have been brought to Dover, Kent, by RNLI, after a small boat accident in the Channel after 27 people died yesterday
Pierre-Henri Dumont, a member of parliament for Calais, said Macron should reject Britain’s offer, saying: ‘This will not work. It will require thousands of people. There is also the question of sovereignty. I’m not sure the British people would accept the opposite if the French army was patrolling the British shore.
French officials today demanded more money from UK taxpayers to stem the flow of thousands of migrants through the canal each month as a blame game between Paris and London for the 27 deaths.
With 6,000 people crossing into Britain in November alone, the head of the ports of Calais and Boulogne insisted Britain should start paying more on top of the £54 million it gives France every year to stop people getting there by canoe or hiding in trucks.
Jean-Marc Boisseau said: ‘We are obligated to control every truck to make sure there are no migrants inside. We do it for a penny. It’s free for your country, it costs the port of Calais 8 million (euro) a year to control and I want this to be discussed again with your government. It was signed when the UK was in Europe and had no place.’
Natacha Bouchard, the mayor of Calais, blamed Britain’s attractive interests for the crisis. She said: I say enough. The British government has imposed immigration controls on our soil for the past 20 years. He never had the courage to control this migration back home. You have to react and react quickly until everything stops.
A police patrol on a beach near Calais as French authorities again failed to stop migrants from traveling to the UK
A team of French police searched around the sand dunes of the beach this morning where they were accused of failing to address the problem